Dangers of self-medication

Popping pills without a doctor’s prescription, even if the ailment is minor, could have serious repercussions, warns medical expert, Lalitha Suppiah

We often pop pills for common ailments like fever, colds, cough and headache, without bothering to consult a doctor . Self-medication, even for minor ailments, could lead to medical complications. A large number of potent drugs such as pain relievers, cough remedies, anti-allergies , laxatives, antibiotics, antacids and vitamins are sold over-the-counter (OTC). Selfmedication with OTC medicines could cause allergy, habituation, and addiction. For example, excessive use of vitamins can cause hypervitaminosis , or vitamin poisoning. Antimicrobial resistance is a worldwide problem, particularly in India where antibiotics are often available without a prescription. The dangers of self-medication could include the following:

Misdiagnosing the illness:

A minor health issue which could be resolved easily with the doctor’s advice may become a major problem over time. Symptoms may subside temporarily with self-medication , but it would become difficult for a doctor to correctly diagnose and treat later.

Habituation:

You could become addicted to prescription drugs such as antacids, cough syrups and pain relievers.

Allergic reactions:

Some antibiotics such as penicillin or sulpha drugs can cause severe reactions in the body for some people. These could be fatal.

Insufficient dosage:

Incorrect dosage of medicines will not cure and will prolong recovery. On the other hand, over-dosage may damage liver , kidneys and other organs. Indiscriminate use of antibiotics : These could, over a long time, lead to antimicrobial resistance . Consequently, the antibiotic may become ineffective when taken in the future.

Risk of stroke:

The most commonly misused medicines are painkillers. Analgesics can induce gastritis and can also increase risk of stroke by four times in patients with high BP.

 

Drug interactions:

 

Some herbal drugs and medicines may cause drug-to-drug interactions and adversely affect the body.

 

Self-medication by pregnant women:

This could adversely affect the unborn child causing congenital anomalies and birth defects. Unlike other facets of selfcare , self-medication involves the intake of drugs, which have the potential to be beneficial or harmful . Their improper use can have serious health implications, especially among children, the aged, and in people with special physiological conditions such as pregnancy and lactation. The government and health authorities must ensure that only safe drugs are made available OTC. Consumers should be given adequate information about their u

5 Best Examples Of Why Selfies Can Be Dangerous (And Fatal)

The selfie which has been made word of the year in 2013 by Oxford Dictionaries, is not a trend that is dying down any time soon (yes, pun intended). Point is, people will continue to take selfies, regardless of whether it is a sign of a mental disorder or not.

Eventually people decided that simple selfies are just too ordinary and have tried to take more exciting ones. Like the man who got trampled by a bullwhile snapping a selfie or the pesky fans endangering both themselves and the cyclists participating in the Tour de France. For the good of all that is holy, I plead you all to stop taking dangerous selfies lest you end up like these

5 instances where the selfie is not worth dying for.

DonÔÇÖt Play With Guns

Oscar Otero Aguilar loves to take selfies. In fact the 21-year-old is well-known among his Facebook friends for his many selfie poses with cars and women. One day, having a drink too many with a couple of buddies, Aguilarattempted to take a selfie with a gun to his head. The gun went off and Aguilar passed away on the way to the hospital.

5 Instances Of Selfie Fatalityvia Yahoo

One of his buddies, Omar Abner Campos Vives, told the police that AguilardidnÔÇÖt realize that the gun was loaded. Regardless of whether a gun is loaded or not, it is quite clear from this case that you do not play with guns. At all. Most definitely do not selfie with a gun. No one thinks itÔÇÖs cool when you are no longer with them in the land of the living.

#DrivingSelfie

Unlike Aguilar, Courtney Sanford was sober when she took a selfie while she was driving. While she drove her way to work on Interstate 85 in North Carolina, the 32-year-old constantly took selfies of herself and posted them on Facebook. She had also posted a status update saying ÔÇ£The happy song makes me HAPPY!ÔÇØ at 8.33am. At 8.34am, police received a call about a head-on collision between a car and a truck. Sanford was declared to have died instantly.

In a separate piece of news, bride-to-be Collete Moreno passed away in a car crash on the way to her bachelorette party with best friend Ashley Theobald. They had taken a selfie together 8 minutes before the crash. Last year, CNN reported that the driving selfie became a trend. If anything, these 2 tragic cases have shown that this trend is just as deadly as texting while driving. DonÔÇÖt do it, so you can live another day.

Extremely Electrifying

People will do anything to get the ultimate selfie. Like this unnamed 21-year-old man. He decided to climb on top of a parked train with a 16-year-old friend in Andalusia, Spain. As the train was not in use, he thought that the cables were not electrified. He was electrocuted when he accidentally brushed against the wires. Only his friend survived with injuries.

I think it is generally agreed that high-voltage wires are constantly running with current. DonÔÇÖt ever assume otherwise and make sure to stay far away from them. Additionally, where there are trains, there are electrical wires. Deaths have and continue to happen when people climbed on top of trains like when they train surf. Please ride the train like everyone else.

Watch Your Step

Russian teenager Xenia Ignatyeva was an aspiring photographer. The 17-year-old lass thought that her selfie would be more dramatic if she took it with the railway line as a backdrop at night. Ignatyeva posed on top the railway bridge at Saint Petersburg, getting ready to shoot. Suddenly, she toppled over. In desperation, she grabbed the high voltage cables and was electrocuted.

I have to admit, night photography makes for a very dramatic photo, more so if you are capturing moving lights in slow shutter speed. And there are photos in that environment which would look spectacular from a high angle. It would however be more safer if you refrain from taking selfies on top of high places when itÔÇÖs dark. And within safe distance away from trains and/or electrical cables.

Step Away From The Cliff

Recently on August 9, 2014, a couple from Poland went for a holiday to Portugal. The husband and wife visited the Cabo de Roca cape which overlooks the Atlantic Ocean. Seeing the stunning view, they decided to take a picture as a momento of their trip. So they overstep the barrier keeping the public away from the edge of the cliff to take a better selfie of themselves. They slipped.

This sad story didnÔÇÖt end there as the couple left behind their children aged 5 and 6. Both are now under custody of the Polish diplomats. Look, I know in photography to take the best photo you have to go closer. But barriers are there for a reason. And although they may disrupt your selfie, be safe and stay behind it. A beautiful scenery makes poor compensation for a life.

Honorary Mention

In conclusion, we would like to drive home the point to not take selfies in dangerous situations no matter how cool or how perfect the background would be. Thus, hereÔÇÖs a video of Canadian Jared Frank who got kicked by a train conductor for attempting to take his selfie too close to Peru RailÔÇÖs train tracks. Frank lives and his video became popular but I couldnÔÇÖt agree more with the train conductor: No selfies here.

Please think before you selfie. You could save your life.

Ref via Hongkiat.com

Taking Selfies Could Actually Be Aging Your Skin

Unless you get eight hours of sleep nightly, never overdose on sodium or sugar, and are vampire-level vigilant about sun care, youÔÇÖre going to have the occasional skin freak-out. But when, like most 26-year-olds, U.K. blogger Mehreen Baig noticed new skin flaws (blemishes, whiteheads, dark spots, and dark circles), she blamed her 50-selfie-a-day habit.

Granted, thatÔÇÖs an obscene amount of selfies, but BaigÔÇÖs theory holds some water. See, all your techie screens emit a blue light known as High-Energy Visible light (HEV). Though scientists and derms donÔÇÖt know as much about it as UV light, preliminary research suggests the effects may be similarly damaging, says David E. Bank, M.D., director at The Center for Dermatology, Cosmetic, and Laser Surgery in Mount Kisco, New York. ÔÇ£Some of the possible effects of HEV are dryness, inflammation, wrinkles, and uneven pigmentation,ÔÇØ he explains.

So, should you swear off selfies? While itÔÇÖs theoretically possible for a serious selfie addiction to harm your skin, the evidence isnÔÇÖt concrete enough for that, says Bank. Still, itÔÇÖs unsettling, particularly if you type away in front of an even bigger screen all day. To hedge your bets, use sunscreens with mineral-blocking agents like zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, which block all wavelengths of light, whether or not youÔÇÖll be out-of-doors much that day, says Bank.

Ref : Women’s Health

The 7 Best Exercises for a Full-Body Workout

The seemingly endless number of exercises available is enough to make your head spin. Sure, you know the basics, but do you know which exercises are the best ones for a full-body workout?

In general, a strong candidate for the “best” title will be any easy-to-learn exercise that targets multiple muscle groups and gives you the practical strength and muscle tone to meet your fitness goals. Exercises that don’t require fancy, expensive equipment earn extra credit.

Here are seven of the best exercises for athletes and fitness junkies looking for a simple and effective full-body workout.

Push-Ups

The push-up might be old school, but it’s effective.

There’s a reason the push-up is introduced to most folks in elementary school. It works a wide range of muscles, though they primarily target the chest, triceps and core. Individuals typically lift about 60 percent of their body weight when completing a push-up.

There are many different variations of the push-up, so take your pick. Just make sure that push-ups are a part of your training.

Squats

The squat is another classic lifting exercise that is especially beneficial to the lower body. The exercise directly works the hips, hamstrings and glutes. It also indirectly strengthens your core and even your upper body if done with weight.

Amateur weightlifters oftentimes focus on their upper body and neglect the lower half. Don’t fall for that. Any training regimen should work the entire body and squats are an essential piece. They’re that good for you.

Lunges

This brilliantly simple exercise isn’t for the fitness weary. The exercise does triple duty by extensively working the quadriceps, the glutes and the hamstrings. Still want more? Hold a dumbbell in each hand while performing the lunge.

Like most exercises, lunges can be executed in various ways. The traditional lunge is completed in a stationary position working one leg at a time. Want a change of scenery? Pick a target, say, 50 yards away, and lunge your way toward it. Either way, your legs will be begging for mercy as you finish up.

Pike Roll-Out

A 2010 study by the Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy found, that of the 10 exercises it tested, the pike roll-out combination was the most effective for core muscles.

To do it, grab a Swiss ball (also known as an exercise ball or stability ball). Get into a push-up position with your feet on top of the ball. Begin by using your core muscles to lift your butt into the air, over your torso. This is the pike portion of the exercise. As you bring your body back down, allow your body to move along the ball until it’s under your knees and your arms are now out in front of you. This is the roll-out.

Together, the pike roll-out combination is a challenging exercise that benefits nearly every muscle in your core.

Clean and Jerk

The clean and jerk is an explosive lift that targets a lot of useful muscles and can test your endurance. No wonder it’s considered the ultimate test of strength in the Olympic Games.

Olympic lifters do the clean and the jerk as one complex lift. Amateur lifters can do them separately.

Begin by snapping the weight to the torso until your arms are under the bar. In an explosive movement, push the bar over your head.

The hang clean is another version, where the lift starts with the bar already hanging in the individual’s hands, not on the ground.

There’s a reason this single exercise has been labeled the total-body workout. The list is longÔÇöhamstrings, biceps, triceps, the back, core, quadriceps and calves are all engaged during this straightforward exercise. No matter what you’re hoping to build, the clean and jerk will probably be a great addition to your training.

Burpees

It’s complicatedÔÇöand maybe even a little sillyÔÇöbut burpees are one of the best exercises for a reason: They work.

Start in a standing position, squat down and put your hands on the ground, kick your feet out and do a push-up. Tuck your feet back under you, and spring up out of your crouch with a leap. That’s a burpee. If you’re really feeling wild, put a dumbbell in each hand.

Burpees bring in two other exercises on this list (push-ups and squats) while adding some leg work and a leap for good measure.

Deadlift

The deadlift is an old-school lift that builds total-body strength. It’s a gimmie for the best-exercise title, but it does come with risks. The wrong technique can injure your back, so it’s important to keep it flat throughout the lift. When the deadlift is executed correctly it will strengthen your back as well as your calves, quads, hamstrings, glutes, core and forearms.

The lift is simple and with the proper focus and attention to technique it can be completed without injury. The goal is to pick up a weighted bar off the ground and bring it up to your thighs using your whole body. The completion of the lift will have you standing up, your arms straight with the weight hanging.

The deadlift is effective at building strength because the inert weight starts on the ground and must be lifted up in a controlled movement. The lifter doesn’t have a chance to use any momentum, hence the “dead” name.

10 good food habits

Always eat breakfast

Studies show that individuals who eat a substantialbreakfast lose more weight than those who have a small breakfast. Choose eggs or baked beans on wholegrain bread, or muesli with fruit and yoghurt.

Eat your fruit and vegAim for three cups of vegetables and two fruits each day. Fill half your plate with vegies at lunch and dinner, and add fruit to your breakfast and for a snack on the way home from work.

Take time to shop each week

If the food is not in the house, how can you eat well? Schedule in time to shop each week or shop online.

Walk for 10,000 steps or exercise for an hour each day

A pedometer is extremely useful in providing feedback on how many steps you are racking up each and every day.

Sit down at the table to eat

Not only do you eat more slowly and often less food, but you’ll enjoy the social experience of dining.

Always carry a protein-rich snack with you

This way you’ll avoid eating high-fat food on the run. Great options to keep handy include nut- or protein-based snack bars, hard fruit such as an apple or a few wholegrain rice.

Have a green tea after meals

Green tea is high in antioxidants and can help increase metabolic rate.

Always carry a water bottle

Drink at least two bottles of water a day instead of juice, cordial or soft drinks.

Choose wholegrain, low-GI bread and breakfast cereal

Aim for the best-quality breads, crackers and breakfast cereals, as these are foods we eat every day.

Always eat carbohydrates and proteins together

Try eggs on grain toast, yogurt and fruit, crackers and cheese and wholegrain bread with tuna or chicken.

Ref : Body & Soul

FDA Approves Crizotinib Capsules

On March 11, 2016, the U. S. Food and Drug Administration approved crizotinib capsules (Xalkori, Pfizer, Inc.) for the treatment of patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors are ROS1-positive. Crizotinib was first approved in 2011 for the treatment of patients whose tumors are anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive.
The current approval was based on a multicenter, single-arm trial in patients with metastatic ROS1 rearrangement-positive NSCLC.  All patients received crizotinib 250 mg orally twice daily. The efficacy outcome measures were objective response rate (ORR) according to RECIST v1.0 as evaluated by an independent radiology review (IRR) and as evaluated by the investigators. Duration of response (DoR) was an additional outcome measure.
The trial enrolled 50 patients with an age range of 25-77 years whose tumors were prospectively determined to be ROS1-positive by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH; 96%) or reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR; 4%) clinical trial assays. The ORR by IRR was 66% (95% CI: 51%, 79%) with a median DoR of 18 months. The ORR according to investigators was 72% (95% CI: 58%, 84%).
The safety results of this trial were generally consistent with the safety profile of crizotinib evaluated in 1,669 patients with ALK-positive metastatic NSCLC. The most common adverse reactions of Xalkori are vision disorders, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, edema, constipation, elevated transaminases, fatigue, decreased appetite, upper respiratory infection, dizziness, and neuropathy.
The recommended dose and schedule for crizotinib is 250 mg capsules taken by mouth twice daily.
This application was approved before the Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA) goal date of April 8, 2016. Crizotinib received Breakthrough Therapy Designation for the ROS1-positive development program and the application was granted Priority Review.  A description of these expedited programs is in the Guidance for Industry: Expedited Programs for Serious Conditions-Drugs and Biologics, available at:http://www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation/guidances/ucm358301.pdf.
Full prescribing information is available at:  http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2016/202570s016lbl.pdf
Healthcare professionals should report all serious adverse events suspected to be associated with the use of any medicine and device to FDAÔÇÖs MedWatch Reporting System by completing a form online athttp://www.fda.gov/medwatch/report.htm, by faxing (1-800-FDA-0178) or mailing the postage-paid address form provided online, or by telephone (1-800-FDA-1088).

8 Ideas for Menstrual Cramp Relief

Turn up the heat. Take a hot bath, or place a heating pad or hot water bottle on your lower belly, just below your belly button, suggests Sherry Thomas, MD, MPH, a gynecologist at Los Angeles-based Mission Community Hospital. Those stick-on heat packs that you can find on drugstore shelves can work, too, if you donÔÇÖt have time to sit at home. Heat opens vessels and improves blood flow, so pain dissipates.

K.O. the caffeine. ÔÇ£We advise patients who have a lot of menstrual cramps and PMS symptoms to limit caffeine,ÔÇØ says Bart D. Putterman, MD, an ob-gyn at Texas ChildrenÔÇÖs Pavilion for Women in Houston. That means no coffee or tea (unless it’s decaf) and no caffeinated sodas, energy drinks, or chocolate. Caffeine can constrict blood vessels, which can cause cramps. Dr. Putterman says that some women may find proactively avoiding caffeine is best, but certainly avoid caffeine when youÔÇÖre having a rough time.

Go herbal. Red raspberry leaf tea might reduce cramps, says Tosha Rogers, DO, an ob-gyn in the Atlanta area. It may decrease bleeding, which can mean less cramping. ÔÇ£Have a cup in the morning with breakfast or before you go to bed in the evening,ÔÇØ Dr. Rogers says. Avigael Barnett, 27, of Brooklyn, N.Y., says that cramp bark and black haw work for her cramps, which can get as bad as being in full labor. ÔÇ£I know itÔÇÖs time to take some more when I feel pain coming back,ÔÇØ Barnett says. She likes the herbs because she doesnÔÇÖt feel like ÔÇ£I’m drugging myself up ÔÇö it’s natural.ÔÇØ But there is no good medical evidence that these herbs are helpful for most people with cramps, and the possible dangers of using them are not known, so you should check with your ob-gyn before trying them. For women who get water retention along with cramps, dandelion tea can be a great herbal remedy, says Sara Chana, a classical homeopath and registered herbalist in Brooklyn.

Indulge in aromatherapy massage. Massages with lavender oil might be able to significantly reduce pain, a study of Turkish students with menstrual cramps published in the journal Pain Management Nursing found. Another study, done in Taiwan, found that acupressure of the ear provided relief from cramps in teens. Massage also helps you relax, Chana says, adding that “the more tense you are, the more you can cramp.ÔÇØ

Swing by the drugstore for OTC relief. Researchers at Brown University recommend trying non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for at least three months to see whether they provide relief from cramps. Options include ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin) and naproxen (Aleve or Midol Extended Relief). These NSAIDs probably are most effective if you start them as soon as you feel any kind of cramping and continue taking them until the time when your cramping normally stops, Putterman says.

Talk with your doctor about prescription meds. If over-the-counter NSAIDs donÔÇÖt help, there are prescription-strength versions that your doctor can prescribe, Putterman says. If your pain is really debilitating, your doctor may recommend oral contraceptives for cramp relief ÔÇö several studies have confirmed that oral contraceptives also work to relieve cramp pain.

Get moving. Putterman recommends regular aerobic exercise that gets your heart rate up and makes you break out in a sweat. ÔÇ£The better shape youÔÇÖre in and the more physically active you are, the less likely you are to suffer from chronic aches and pains, including menstrual cramps,ÔÇØ he says. Exercise also releases feel-good hormones known as endorphins. ÔÇ£They donÔÇÖt take away your pain,” he says, “but they can make it so you donÔÇÖt care you have the pain.ÔÇØ

Bend and stretch with yoga. Yoga is high on Dr. ThomasÔÇÖs list of remedies that provide relief from cramps. Poses that target the pelvis and lumbar region, where period pain is the worst, may be the most helpful. Experiment with different yoga poses for pain relief, and talk with a yoga instructor about what might work best for you.

When to Stop Going It Alone

Although you might be able to relieve your cramps with these remedies, donÔÇÖt ignore your pain if it doesnÔÇÖt go away or if it becomes more severe than normal. The following symptoms could be warning signs of a more serious health issue and merit a call to your doctor:

  • Your pain lasts longer than youÔÇÖre accustomed to. ÔÇ£If your pain doesnÔÇÖt go away when your period stops, you should seek medical help,ÔÇØ Putterman says.
  • You have a fever.
  • You start vomiting or feel nauseated.
  • YouÔÇÖre bleeding more heavily than normal.
  • You think you could be pregnant.

You donÔÇÖt need to suffer from menstrual cramps each month. Try these remedies and consult with your doctor to find what works best for you.

By Beth W. Orenstein | Medically reviewed by Lindsey Marcellin, MD, MPH

Best and worst foods for a good night’s sleep

After a long day, a sound sleep is something that you wish for as soon as you hit the bed. But do you experience days when sleep simply evades you? Before you blame factors that are not in your control, you must know that the last morsel that you put in your mouth before bedtime plays a pivotal role in deciding what kind of sleep you will get. Experts believe that there are some foods that harm your sleep, others that are sleep promoters. So let’s find out about these sleep inducers and sleep stealers.

Sleep inducer: Milk

Do you remember how your grandmother insisted on you having a warm glass of milk before hitting the bed? Well, so you know milk consists amino acid tryptophan, which is a precursor to serotonin, a brain chemical.

Sleep stealer: Wine

You must have read ample studies indicating how red wine is good for your heart. That doesn’t hold true for your sleep. There are studies that prove it leads to low quality of sleep. So you know when not to have wine!

Sleep stealer: Dark chocolate/Coffee

Dark chocolate is healthy and a favourite among chocolate lovers who don’t want to feel guilty after feasting on it. Mind you, don’t feast on it before bedtime. A bar of chocolate contains the same amount of caffeine as decaffeinated coffee. And coffee is a big no no before bedtime.

Sleep inducer: Banana

Try having a banana when you are feeling stressed! Yes, not only does the potassium in the banana relives your stress but the magnesium is also muscle relaxing. On top of that, the carbohydrates present in the banana will help you with a sound sleep.

Sleep stealer: Chicken/paneer curry

Nothing like a filling dinner of chicken curry or paneer makhani but these curries are also responsible for snatching your sleep. One must always avoid a calorie-laden dish before hitting the bed as it will induce trouble in falling asleep and might even be responsible for keeping you away from deep sleep.

Sleep inducer: Vegetable soup

Perfect for this weather, a warm bowl of vegetable soup is your best bet for a happy night sleep. “The softened vegetables in the soup are easy to digest, thus saving your digestive system from the stress of working overtime,” shares diet expert Mansi Chatrath.

Sleep stealer: Green tea

Surprised? After all who doesn’t know green tea is a must have for a healthy life. As a matter of fact, green tea is best when taken during the day. Do not forget that green is not decaffeinated, exactly the element that snatches you sleep.

Sleep inducer: Whole wheat cereal

Try switching to your favourite breakfast cereal as a dinner option and you will know why it is called a sleep inducer. Added to milk, this is the perfect dish to put you to sleep.

Last but not the least, have your food atleast an hour or two before bedtime so that when you hit the bed, your system is not working on digesting your last meal.

Ref:  The Economic Times

Continue reading Best and worst foods for a good night’s sleep

High Levels Of Insulin affects lungs

High levels of insulin are bad for lungs and for Indians who have the lowest lung function, the focus should be on improving diet and lifestyle to tackle pre-diabetes and diabetes, according to a study.

In the study, a team of experts from India, Europe and the US has connected the dots between raised insulin levels and impaired lung structure and function.

Raised insulin is a strong marker of future diabetes.

“Most people use insulin raising strategies to improve blood glucose in diabetes, without considering what the side effects of higher insulin would be,” Anurag Agrawal, principal scientist at CSIR Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB) and lead author of the study, told IANS.

“We have shown for the first time that high levels of insulin directly damage lung structure and function,” he said.

A collaborative study between IGIB, Mayo ClinicCollege of Medicine, University of Groningen, the Netherlands, University of Copenhagen, Research Centre for Prevention and Health, Denmark, examined and analysed the implications of raised insulin levels against the backdrop of obesity, insulin resistance and emergence of inhaled insulin.

“Never use inhaled insulin. Injecting insulin or giving drugs that make more insulin to curb excess blood sugar can, over the time, result in lung problems,” said Agrawal.

For Indians, the findings drive the message of improving diet and exercising.

“Indians born in the country (but not those born abroad) have the lowest lung function globally, and our children are born with high levels of insulin,” Agrawal said.

The obvious concern that I have is that everybody is focused on glucose these days, with lower cutoffs for diabetes, he added.

“Unless Indians improve diet and lifestyle, it is doubtful if we will ever have good lung function,” he concluded.

ref : The Economic Times

When someone has a heart attack…

If immediate first-aid is not given to a heart attack patient, there may be permanent damage or a cardiac arrest.

Heart attack is one of the leading causes of death the world over. Most of these deaths take place, because proper first-aid or medical attention is not given between the time the person has the attack and the time the person reaches a hospital. That is why it is important for everyone to know how and what to do, as soon as a person is suspected to have had a heart attack.

Remember the following:
Every moment is precious in case of heart attack, so act fast. Do not leave the person alone and don’t try to manage at home. Do not give anything orally. Even if he feels little better, lift him to reach the nearest hospital as early as possible.There is no household remedy for heart attack. Keep him in lying down posture, loosen his clothing and rush him to the nearest hospital. Make him chew one full tablet of apirin and swallow.

Give him one Sorbitrate tablet under the tongue. If there is profuse sweating, ie, drop in blood pressure, then don’t give it.
You can give glucose powder in spoonful dosages on or under the tongue frequently. Don’t give sweet drinks.

If short of breath, then recline the patient partially and make him cough intermittently.

If the person is unconscious and unresponsive, CPR (cardio pulmonary resuscitation) should be performed. Give chest thrust and mouth-to-mouth respiration.

Do not depend on the first-aid to benefit. Reach the nearest facility, which has ICU or advanced treatment facilities for heart