Enjoy the Summer. Precautions to be taken for Summer

Summer is here and the temperatures are roaring, all of us need to take precautions to prevent general conditions. These conditions may feel normal and nothing out of course, but it may worsen if not taken care of.

Below are listed few preventive measures for the most commonly occurring ailments:


Everyone is well versed with this phenomenon. The temperature of the body rises due to excessive exposure to heat. But we usually ignore the signs and symptoms. This summer, make sure to follow simple rules when you step outdoor.

ÔÇô Wear clothes which allow good ventilation make sure the fabric of the clothes is light.

ÔÇô┬á There are certain medications and other conditions like sleep deprivation, sun stroke history, etc. which may predispose sun stroke. It is wise to take all the factors into consideration.

ÔÇô Always wear sunscreen and drink plenty of fluid. Always carry a drink together.


Sunburns are caused when the skin is exposed to ultraviolet radiations. This increases the risk of skin cancers, which makes it very important to practice precaution.

ÔÇô Sunscreens help protect skin. Re apply sunscreen every 3-4 hours when working outdoors. Make sure you apply sunscreen to all the exposed skin.

ÔÇô It is advised to cover the face with light clothing. Wearing hats and sunglasses provide full protection to the face and the eyes.


Dehydration applies to a condition when the body is deprived of fluids. Excessive loss of water from the body along with metabolic disruption is not met with enough intake of fluid. The causes of dehydration can be many, but the condition is aggravated during summers, due to high temperatures. Preventive measures include:

-Intake of enough water whenever outdoors or exercising. It ensures that the body is provided with as much fluids as it losses during activities.

-It is very important to carry bottle with water or any other energy drink to replenish the lost fluids.

Avoid outdoors at the pitch hour of the day. If the work can be wait till later, no better option than that!


General term for epitaxis is nose bleeding. Many people suffer from nose bleeds during summers. This is a result of extreme heat. Most of the patients have history of epistaxis during summers. The precautions should be:

-To avoid putting any kind of pressure on the nose.

-It is advisable to cover face when outdoors; it prevents direct contact with high temperatures outdoors.

Above all, consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables during summers will help the body maintain healthy tissue and fight back any bodily disruptions effectively.

These simple, yet very crucial preventing measures will make the summers more enjoyable for everyone.


Ref : careinfo.in

8 Ideas for Menstrual Cramp Relief

Turn up the heat. Take a hot bath, or place a heating pad or hot water bottle on your lower belly, just below your belly button, suggests Sherry Thomas, MD, MPH, a gynecologist at Los Angeles-based Mission Community Hospital. Those stick-on heat packs that you can find on drugstore shelves can work, too, if you donÔÇÖt have time to sit at home. Heat opens vessels and improves blood flow, so pain dissipates.

K.O. the caffeine. ÔÇ£We advise patients who have a lot of menstrual cramps and PMS symptoms to limit caffeine,ÔÇØ says Bart D. Putterman, MD, an ob-gyn at Texas ChildrenÔÇÖs Pavilion for Women in Houston. That means no coffee or tea (unless it’s decaf) and no caffeinated sodas, energy drinks, or chocolate. Caffeine can constrict blood vessels, which can cause cramps. Dr. Putterman says that some women may find proactively avoiding caffeine is best, but certainly avoid caffeine when youÔÇÖre having a rough time.

Go herbal. Red raspberry leaf tea might reduce cramps, says Tosha Rogers, DO, an ob-gyn in the Atlanta area. It may decrease bleeding, which can mean less cramping. ÔÇ£Have a cup in the morning with breakfast or before you go to bed in the evening,ÔÇØ Dr. Rogers says. Avigael Barnett, 27, of Brooklyn, N.Y., says that cramp bark and black haw work for her cramps, which can get as bad as being in full labor. ÔÇ£I know itÔÇÖs time to take some more when I feel pain coming back,ÔÇØ Barnett says. She likes the herbs because she doesnÔÇÖt feel like ÔÇ£I’m drugging myself up ÔÇö it’s natural.ÔÇØ But there is no good medical evidence that these herbs are helpful for most people with cramps, and the possible dangers of using them are not known, so you should check with your ob-gyn before trying them. For women who get water retention along with cramps, dandelion tea can be a great herbal remedy, says Sara Chana, a classical homeopath and registered herbalist in Brooklyn.

Indulge in aromatherapy massage. Massages with lavender oil might be able to significantly reduce pain, a study of Turkish students with menstrual cramps published in the journal Pain Management Nursing found. Another study, done in Taiwan, found that acupressure of the ear provided relief from cramps in teens. Massage also helps you relax, Chana says, adding that “the more tense you are, the more you can cramp.ÔÇØ

Swing by the drugstore for OTC relief. Researchers at Brown University recommend trying non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for at least three months to see whether they provide relief from cramps. Options include ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin) and naproxen (Aleve or Midol Extended Relief). These NSAIDs probably are most effective if you start them as soon as you feel any kind of cramping and continue taking them until the time when your cramping normally stops, Putterman says.

Talk with your doctor about prescription meds. If over-the-counter NSAIDs donÔÇÖt help, there are prescription-strength versions that your doctor can prescribe, Putterman says. If your pain is really debilitating, your doctor may recommend oral contraceptives for cramp relief ÔÇö several studies have confirmed that oral contraceptives also work to relieve cramp pain.

Get moving. Putterman recommends regular aerobic exercise that gets your heart rate up and makes you break out in a sweat. ÔÇ£The better shape youÔÇÖre in and the more physically active you are, the less likely you are to suffer from chronic aches and pains, including menstrual cramps,ÔÇØ he says. Exercise also releases feel-good hormones known as endorphins. ÔÇ£They donÔÇÖt take away your pain,” he says, “but they can make it so you donÔÇÖt care you have the pain.ÔÇØ

Bend and stretch with yoga. Yoga is high on Dr. ThomasÔÇÖs list of remedies that provide relief from cramps. Poses that target the pelvis and lumbar region, where period pain is the worst, may be the most helpful. Experiment with different yoga poses for pain relief, and talk with a yoga instructor about what might work best for you.

When to Stop Going It Alone

Although you might be able to relieve your cramps with these remedies, donÔÇÖt ignore your pain if it doesnÔÇÖt go away or if it becomes more severe than normal. The following symptoms could be warning signs of a more serious health issue and merit a call to your doctor:

  • Your pain lasts longer than youÔÇÖre accustomed to. ÔÇ£If your pain doesnÔÇÖt go away when your period stops, you should seek medical help,ÔÇØ Putterman says.
  • You have a fever.
  • You start vomiting or feel nauseated.
  • YouÔÇÖre bleeding more heavily than normal.
  • You think you could be pregnant.

You donÔÇÖt need to suffer from menstrual cramps each month. Try these remedies and consult with your doctor to find what works best for you.

By Beth W. Orenstein | Medically reviewed by Lindsey Marcellin, MD, MPH

High Levels Of Insulin affects lungs

High levels of insulin are bad for lungs and for Indians who have the lowest lung function, the focus should be on improving diet and lifestyle to tackle pre-diabetes and diabetes, according to a study.

In the study, a team of experts from India, Europe and the US has connected the dots between raised insulin levels and impaired lung structure and function.

Raised insulin is a strong marker of future diabetes.

“Most people use insulin raising strategies to improve blood glucose in diabetes, without considering what the side effects of higher insulin would be,” Anurag Agrawal, principal scientist at CSIR Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB) and lead author of the study, told IANS.

“We have shown for the first time that high levels of insulin directly damage lung structure and function,” he said.

A collaborative study between IGIB, Mayo ClinicCollege of Medicine, University of Groningen, the Netherlands, University of Copenhagen, Research Centre for Prevention and Health, Denmark, examined and analysed the implications of raised insulin levels against the backdrop of obesity, insulin resistance and emergence of inhaled insulin.

“Never use inhaled insulin. Injecting insulin or giving drugs that make more insulin to curb excess blood sugar can, over the time, result in lung problems,” said Agrawal.

For Indians, the findings drive the message of improving diet and exercising.

“Indians born in the country (but not those born abroad) have the lowest lung function globally, and our children are born with high levels of insulin,” Agrawal said.

The obvious concern that I have is that everybody is focused on glucose these days, with lower cutoffs for diabetes, he added.

“Unless Indians improve diet and lifestyle, it is doubtful if we will ever have good lung function,” he concluded.

ref : The Economic Times