Enjoy the Summer. Precautions to be taken for Summer

Summer is here and the temperatures are roaring, all of us need to take precautions to prevent general conditions. These conditions may feel normal and nothing out of course, but it may worsen if not taken care of.

Below are listed few preventive measures for the most commonly occurring ailments:

STROKE:

Everyone is well versed with this phenomenon. The temperature of the body rises due to excessive exposure to heat. But we usually ignore the signs and symptoms. This summer, make sure to follow simple rules when you step outdoor.

ÔÇô Wear clothes which allow good ventilation make sure the fabric of the clothes is light.

ÔÇô┬á There are certain medications and other conditions like sleep deprivation, sun stroke history, etc. which may predispose sun stroke. It is wise to take all the factors into consideration.

ÔÇô Always wear sunscreen and drink plenty of fluid. Always carry a drink together.

SUN BURN:

Sunburns are caused when the skin is exposed to ultraviolet radiations. This increases the risk of skin cancers, which makes it very important to practice precaution.

ÔÇô Sunscreens help protect skin. Re apply sunscreen every 3-4 hours when working outdoors. Make sure you apply sunscreen to all the exposed skin.

ÔÇô It is advised to cover the face with light clothing. Wearing hats and sunglasses provide full protection to the face and the eyes.

DEHYDRATION:

Dehydration applies to a condition when the body is deprived of fluids. Excessive loss of water from the body along with metabolic disruption is not met with enough intake of fluid. The causes of dehydration can be many, but the condition is aggravated during summers, due to high temperatures. Preventive measures include:

-Intake of enough water whenever outdoors or exercising. It ensures that the body is provided with as much fluids as it losses during activities.

-It is very important to carry bottle with water or any other energy drink to replenish the lost fluids.

Avoid outdoors at the pitch hour of the day. If the work can be wait till later, no better option than that!

EPISTAXIS DUE TO SUN:

General term for epitaxis is nose bleeding. Many people suffer from nose bleeds during summers. This is a result of extreme heat. Most of the patients have history of epistaxis during summers. The precautions should be:

-To avoid putting any kind of pressure on the nose.

-It is advisable to cover face when outdoors; it prevents direct contact with high temperatures outdoors.

Above all, consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables during summers will help the body maintain healthy tissue and fight back any bodily disruptions effectively.

These simple, yet very crucial preventing measures will make the summers more enjoyable for everyone.

 

Ref : careinfo.in

Dangers of self-medication

Popping pills without a doctor’s prescription, even if the ailment is minor, could have serious repercussions, warns medical expert, Lalitha Suppiah

We often pop pills for common ailments like fever, colds, cough and headache, without bothering to consult a doctor . Self-medication, even for minor ailments, could lead to medical complications. A large number of potent drugs such as pain relievers, cough remedies, anti-allergies , laxatives, antibiotics, antacids and vitamins are sold over-the-counter (OTC). Selfmedication with OTC medicines could cause allergy, habituation, and addiction. For example, excessive use of vitamins can cause hypervitaminosis , or vitamin poisoning. Antimicrobial resistance is a worldwide problem, particularly in India where antibiotics are often available without a prescription. The dangers of self-medication could include the following:

Misdiagnosing the illness:

A minor health issue which could be resolved easily with the doctor’s advice may become a major problem over time. Symptoms may subside temporarily with self-medication , but it would become difficult for a doctor to correctly diagnose and treat later.

Habituation:

You could become addicted to prescription drugs such as antacids, cough syrups and pain relievers.

Allergic reactions:

Some antibiotics such as penicillin or sulpha drugs can cause severe reactions in the body for some people. These could be fatal.

Insufficient dosage:

Incorrect dosage of medicines will not cure and will prolong recovery. On the other hand, over-dosage may damage liver , kidneys and other organs. Indiscriminate use of antibiotics : These could, over a long time, lead to antimicrobial resistance . Consequently, the antibiotic may become ineffective when taken in the future.

Risk of stroke:

The most commonly misused medicines are painkillers. Analgesics can induce gastritis and can also increase risk of stroke by four times in patients with high BP.

 

Drug interactions:

 

Some herbal drugs and medicines may cause drug-to-drug interactions and adversely affect the body.

 

Self-medication by pregnant women:

This could adversely affect the unborn child causing congenital anomalies and birth defects. Unlike other facets of selfcare , self-medication involves the intake of drugs, which have the potential to be beneficial or harmful . Their improper use can have serious health implications, especially among children, the aged, and in people with special physiological conditions such as pregnancy and lactation. The government and health authorities must ensure that only safe drugs are made available OTC. Consumers should be given adequate information about their u

5 Best Examples Of Why Selfies Can Be Dangerous (And Fatal)

The selfie which has been made word of the year in 2013 by Oxford Dictionaries, is not a trend that is dying down any time soon (yes, pun intended). Point is, people will continue to take selfies, regardless of whether it is a sign of a mental disorder or not.

Eventually people decided that simple selfies are just too ordinary and have tried to take more exciting ones. Like the man who got trampled by a bullwhile snapping a selfie or the pesky fans endangering both themselves and the cyclists participating in the Tour de France. For the good of all that is holy, I plead you all to stop taking dangerous selfies lest you end up like these

5 instances where the selfie is not worth dying for.

DonÔÇÖt Play With Guns

Oscar Otero Aguilar loves to take selfies. In fact the 21-year-old is well-known among his Facebook friends for his many selfie poses with cars and women. One day, having a drink too many with a couple of buddies, Aguilarattempted to take a selfie with a gun to his head. The gun went off and Aguilar passed away on the way to the hospital.

5 Instances Of Selfie Fatalityvia Yahoo

One of his buddies, Omar Abner Campos Vives, told the police that AguilardidnÔÇÖt realize that the gun was loaded. Regardless of whether a gun is loaded or not, it is quite clear from this case that you do not play with guns. At all. Most definitely do not selfie with a gun. No one thinks itÔÇÖs cool when you are no longer with them in the land of the living.

#DrivingSelfie

Unlike Aguilar, Courtney Sanford was sober when she took a selfie while she was driving. While she drove her way to work on Interstate 85 in North Carolina, the 32-year-old constantly took selfies of herself and posted them on Facebook. She had also posted a status update saying ÔÇ£The happy song makes me HAPPY!ÔÇØ at 8.33am. At 8.34am, police received a call about a head-on collision between a car and a truck. Sanford was declared to have died instantly.

In a separate piece of news, bride-to-be Collete Moreno passed away in a car crash on the way to her bachelorette party with best friend Ashley Theobald. They had taken a selfie together 8 minutes before the crash. Last year, CNN reported that the driving selfie became a trend. If anything, these 2 tragic cases have shown that this trend is just as deadly as texting while driving. DonÔÇÖt do it, so you can live another day.

Extremely Electrifying

People will do anything to get the ultimate selfie. Like this unnamed 21-year-old man. He decided to climb on top of a parked train with a 16-year-old friend in Andalusia, Spain. As the train was not in use, he thought that the cables were not electrified. He was electrocuted when he accidentally brushed against the wires. Only his friend survived with injuries.

I think it is generally agreed that high-voltage wires are constantly running with current. DonÔÇÖt ever assume otherwise and make sure to stay far away from them. Additionally, where there are trains, there are electrical wires. Deaths have and continue to happen when people climbed on top of trains like when they train surf. Please ride the train like everyone else.

Watch Your Step

Russian teenager Xenia Ignatyeva was an aspiring photographer. The 17-year-old lass thought that her selfie would be more dramatic if she took it with the railway line as a backdrop at night. Ignatyeva posed on top the railway bridge at Saint Petersburg, getting ready to shoot. Suddenly, she toppled over. In desperation, she grabbed the high voltage cables and was electrocuted.

I have to admit, night photography makes for a very dramatic photo, more so if you are capturing moving lights in slow shutter speed. And there are photos in that environment which would look spectacular from a high angle. It would however be more safer if you refrain from taking selfies on top of high places when itÔÇÖs dark. And within safe distance away from trains and/or electrical cables.

Step Away From The Cliff

Recently on August 9, 2014, a couple from Poland went for a holiday to Portugal. The husband and wife visited the Cabo de Roca cape which overlooks the Atlantic Ocean. Seeing the stunning view, they decided to take a picture as a momento of their trip. So they overstep the barrier keeping the public away from the edge of the cliff to take a better selfie of themselves. They slipped.

This sad story didnÔÇÖt end there as the couple left behind their children aged 5 and 6. Both are now under custody of the Polish diplomats. Look, I know in photography to take the best photo you have to go closer. But barriers are there for a reason. And although they may disrupt your selfie, be safe and stay behind it. A beautiful scenery makes poor compensation for a life.

Honorary Mention

In conclusion, we would like to drive home the point to not take selfies in dangerous situations no matter how cool or how perfect the background would be. Thus, hereÔÇÖs a video of Canadian Jared Frank who got kicked by a train conductor for attempting to take his selfie too close to Peru RailÔÇÖs train tracks. Frank lives and his video became popular but I couldnÔÇÖt agree more with the train conductor: No selfies here.

Please think before you selfie. You could save your life.

Ref via Hongkiat.com

Taking Selfies Could Actually Be Aging Your Skin

Unless you get eight hours of sleep nightly, never overdose on sodium or sugar, and are vampire-level vigilant about sun care, youÔÇÖre going to have the occasional skin freak-out. But when, like most 26-year-olds, U.K. blogger Mehreen Baig noticed new skin flaws (blemishes, whiteheads, dark spots, and dark circles), she blamed her 50-selfie-a-day habit.

Granted, thatÔÇÖs an obscene amount of selfies, but BaigÔÇÖs theory holds some water. See, all your techie screens emit a blue light known as High-Energy Visible light (HEV). Though scientists and derms donÔÇÖt know as much about it as UV light, preliminary research suggests the effects may be similarly damaging, says David E. Bank, M.D., director at The Center for Dermatology, Cosmetic, and Laser Surgery in Mount Kisco, New York. ÔÇ£Some of the possible effects of HEV are dryness, inflammation, wrinkles, and uneven pigmentation,ÔÇØ he explains.

So, should you swear off selfies? While itÔÇÖs theoretically possible for a serious selfie addiction to harm your skin, the evidence isnÔÇÖt concrete enough for that, says Bank. Still, itÔÇÖs unsettling, particularly if you type away in front of an even bigger screen all day. To hedge your bets, use sunscreens with mineral-blocking agents like zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, which block all wavelengths of light, whether or not youÔÇÖll be out-of-doors much that day, says Bank.

Ref : Women’s Health

The 7 Best Exercises for a Full-Body Workout

The seemingly endless number of exercises available is enough to make your head spin. Sure, you know the basics, but do you know which exercises are the best ones for a full-body workout?

In general, a strong candidate for the “best” title will be any easy-to-learn exercise that targets multiple muscle groups and gives you the practical strength and muscle tone to meet your fitness goals. Exercises that don’t require fancy, expensive equipment earn extra credit.

Here are seven of the best exercises for athletes and fitness junkies looking for a simple and effective full-body workout.

Push-Ups

The push-up might be old school, but it’s effective.

There’s a reason the push-up is introduced to most folks in elementary school. It works a wide range of muscles, though they primarily target the chest, triceps and core. Individuals typically lift about 60 percent of their body weight when completing a push-up.

There are many different variations of the push-up, so take your pick. Just make sure that push-ups are a part of your training.

Squats

The squat is another classic lifting exercise that is especially beneficial to the lower body. The exercise directly works the hips, hamstrings and glutes. It also indirectly strengthens your core and even your upper body if done with weight.

Amateur weightlifters oftentimes focus on their upper body and neglect the lower half. Don’t fall for that. Any training regimen should work the entire body and squats are an essential piece. They’re that good for you.

Lunges

This brilliantly simple exercise isn’t for the fitness weary. The exercise does triple duty by extensively working the quadriceps, the glutes and the hamstrings. Still want more? Hold a dumbbell in each hand while performing the lunge.

Like most exercises, lunges can be executed in various ways. The traditional lunge is completed in a stationary position working one leg at a time. Want a change of scenery? Pick a target, say, 50 yards away, and lunge your way toward it. Either way, your legs will be begging for mercy as you finish up.

Pike Roll-Out

A 2010 study by the Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy found, that of the 10 exercises it tested, the pike roll-out combination was the most effective for core muscles.

To do it, grab a Swiss ball (also known as an exercise ball or stability ball). Get into a push-up position with your feet on top of the ball. Begin by using your core muscles to lift your butt into the air, over your torso. This is the pike portion of the exercise. As you bring your body back down, allow your body to move along the ball until it’s under your knees and your arms are now out in front of you. This is the roll-out.

Together, the pike roll-out combination is a challenging exercise that benefits nearly every muscle in your core.

Clean and Jerk

The clean and jerk is an explosive lift that targets a lot of useful muscles and can test your endurance. No wonder it’s considered the ultimate test of strength in the Olympic Games.

Olympic lifters do the clean and the jerk as one complex lift. Amateur lifters can do them separately.

Begin by snapping the weight to the torso until your arms are under the bar. In an explosive movement, push the bar over your head.

The hang clean is another version, where the lift starts with the bar already hanging in the individual’s hands, not on the ground.

There’s a reason this single exercise has been labeled the total-body workout. The list is longÔÇöhamstrings, biceps, triceps, the back, core, quadriceps and calves are all engaged during this straightforward exercise. No matter what you’re hoping to build, the clean and jerk will probably be a great addition to your training.

Burpees

It’s complicatedÔÇöand maybe even a little sillyÔÇöbut burpees are one of the best exercises for a reason: They work.

Start in a standing position, squat down and put your hands on the ground, kick your feet out and do a push-up. Tuck your feet back under you, and spring up out of your crouch with a leap. That’s a burpee. If you’re really feeling wild, put a dumbbell in each hand.

Burpees bring in two other exercises on this list (push-ups and squats) while adding some leg work and a leap for good measure.

Deadlift

The deadlift is an old-school lift that builds total-body strength. It’s a gimmie for the best-exercise title, but it does come with risks. The wrong technique can injure your back, so it’s important to keep it flat throughout the lift. When the deadlift is executed correctly it will strengthen your back as well as your calves, quads, hamstrings, glutes, core and forearms.

The lift is simple and with the proper focus and attention to technique it can be completed without injury. The goal is to pick up a weighted bar off the ground and bring it up to your thighs using your whole body. The completion of the lift will have you standing up, your arms straight with the weight hanging.

The deadlift is effective at building strength because the inert weight starts on the ground and must be lifted up in a controlled movement. The lifter doesn’t have a chance to use any momentum, hence the “dead” name.

8 Ideas for Menstrual Cramp Relief

Turn up the heat. Take a hot bath, or place a heating pad or hot water bottle on your lower belly, just below your belly button, suggests Sherry Thomas, MD, MPH, a gynecologist at Los Angeles-based Mission Community Hospital. Those stick-on heat packs that you can find on drugstore shelves can work, too, if you donÔÇÖt have time to sit at home. Heat opens vessels and improves blood flow, so pain dissipates.

K.O. the caffeine. ÔÇ£We advise patients who have a lot of menstrual cramps and PMS symptoms to limit caffeine,ÔÇØ says Bart D. Putterman, MD, an ob-gyn at Texas ChildrenÔÇÖs Pavilion for Women in Houston. That means no coffee or tea (unless it’s decaf) and no caffeinated sodas, energy drinks, or chocolate. Caffeine can constrict blood vessels, which can cause cramps. Dr. Putterman says that some women may find proactively avoiding caffeine is best, but certainly avoid caffeine when youÔÇÖre having a rough time.

Go herbal. Red raspberry leaf tea might reduce cramps, says Tosha Rogers, DO, an ob-gyn in the Atlanta area. It may decrease bleeding, which can mean less cramping. ÔÇ£Have a cup in the morning with breakfast or before you go to bed in the evening,ÔÇØ Dr. Rogers says. Avigael Barnett, 27, of Brooklyn, N.Y., says that cramp bark and black haw work for her cramps, which can get as bad as being in full labor. ÔÇ£I know itÔÇÖs time to take some more when I feel pain coming back,ÔÇØ Barnett says. She likes the herbs because she doesnÔÇÖt feel like ÔÇ£I’m drugging myself up ÔÇö it’s natural.ÔÇØ But there is no good medical evidence that these herbs are helpful for most people with cramps, and the possible dangers of using them are not known, so you should check with your ob-gyn before trying them. For women who get water retention along with cramps, dandelion tea can be a great herbal remedy, says Sara Chana, a classical homeopath and registered herbalist in Brooklyn.

Indulge in aromatherapy massage. Massages with lavender oil might be able to significantly reduce pain, a study of Turkish students with menstrual cramps published in the journal Pain Management Nursing found. Another study, done in Taiwan, found that acupressure of the ear provided relief from cramps in teens. Massage also helps you relax, Chana says, adding that “the more tense you are, the more you can cramp.ÔÇØ

Swing by the drugstore for OTC relief. Researchers at Brown University recommend trying non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for at least three months to see whether they provide relief from cramps. Options include ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin) and naproxen (Aleve or Midol Extended Relief). These NSAIDs probably are most effective if you start them as soon as you feel any kind of cramping and continue taking them until the time when your cramping normally stops, Putterman says.

Talk with your doctor about prescription meds. If over-the-counter NSAIDs donÔÇÖt help, there are prescription-strength versions that your doctor can prescribe, Putterman says. If your pain is really debilitating, your doctor may recommend oral contraceptives for cramp relief ÔÇö several studies have confirmed that oral contraceptives also work to relieve cramp pain.

Get moving. Putterman recommends regular aerobic exercise that gets your heart rate up and makes you break out in a sweat. ÔÇ£The better shape youÔÇÖre in and the more physically active you are, the less likely you are to suffer from chronic aches and pains, including menstrual cramps,ÔÇØ he says. Exercise also releases feel-good hormones known as endorphins. ÔÇ£They donÔÇÖt take away your pain,” he says, “but they can make it so you donÔÇÖt care you have the pain.ÔÇØ

Bend and stretch with yoga. Yoga is high on Dr. ThomasÔÇÖs list of remedies that provide relief from cramps. Poses that target the pelvis and lumbar region, where period pain is the worst, may be the most helpful. Experiment with different yoga poses for pain relief, and talk with a yoga instructor about what might work best for you.

When to Stop Going It Alone

Although you might be able to relieve your cramps with these remedies, donÔÇÖt ignore your pain if it doesnÔÇÖt go away or if it becomes more severe than normal. The following symptoms could be warning signs of a more serious health issue and merit a call to your doctor:

  • Your pain lasts longer than youÔÇÖre accustomed to. ÔÇ£If your pain doesnÔÇÖt go away when your period stops, you should seek medical help,ÔÇØ Putterman says.
  • You have a fever.
  • You start vomiting or feel nauseated.
  • YouÔÇÖre bleeding more heavily than normal.
  • You think you could be pregnant.

You donÔÇÖt need to suffer from menstrual cramps each month. Try these remedies and consult with your doctor to find what works best for you.

By Beth W. Orenstein | Medically reviewed by Lindsey Marcellin, MD, MPH