A cardiac arrest happens when your heart stops pumping blood around your body.
If someone has suddenly collapsed, is not breathing normally and is unresponsive, they are in cardiac arrest.
There is no time to lose. Even if you are untrained your actions can help.
Causes a cardiac arrest.
The most common cause of a cardiac arrest is a life threatening abnormal heart rhythm called ventricular fibrillation (VF).
Ventricular fibrillation happens when the electrical activity of your heart becomes so chaotic that the heart stops pumping and quivers or ‘fibrillates’ instead. There are various causes of VF. These can be problems with your heart, or other causes.
Can you recover from a cardiac arrest?
It is possible to survive and recover from a cardiac arrest, if you get the right treatment quickly.
VF can sometimes be corrected by giving an electric shock through the chest wall, by using a device called a defibrillator.
This can be done in the ambulance, or at hospital, or it can be done by a member of the public at the scene of a cardiac arrest if there is a community defibrillator nearby.
Immediate CPR can be used to keep oxygen circulating around the body until a defibrillator can be used and/or until the ambulance arrives.
Ref : British Heart Foundation
If immediate first-aid is not given to a heart attack patient, there may be permanent damage or a cardiac arrest.
Heart attack is one of the leading causes of death the world over. Most of these deaths take place, because proper first-aid or medical attention is not given between the time the person has the attack and the time the person reaches a hospital. That is why it is important for everyone to know how and what to do, as soon as a person is suspected to have had a heart attack.
Remember the following:
Every moment is precious in case of heart attack, so act fast. Do not leave the person alone and don’t try to manage at home. Do not give anything orally. Even if he feels little better, lift him to reach the nearest hospital as early as possible.There is no household remedy for heart attack. Keep him in lying down posture, loosen his clothing and rush him to the nearest hospital. Make him chew one full tablet of apirin and swallow.
Give him one Sorbitrate tablet under the tongue. If there is profuse sweating, ie, drop in blood pressure, then don’t give it.
You can give glucose powder in spoonful dosages on or under the tongue frequently. Don’t give sweet drinks.
If short of breath, then recline the patient partially and make him cough intermittently.
If the person is unconscious and unresponsive, CPR (cardio pulmonary resuscitation) should be performed. Give chest thrust and mouth-to-mouth respiration.
Do not depend on the first-aid to benefit. Reach the nearest facility, which has ICU or advanced treatment facilities for heart